The Functional Outdoor Ponds
A pond can be described as a body of standing water which can either be man made or natural and their sizes are smaller than a lake. Natural ponds may occur where there are isolated depressions that fill up with water over time as well as can be part of a river system which occurs mostly in the floodplains that are downstream. Most ponds are very shallow but they also have life in them mostly plants and animals that are adapted to surviving in water. There are a number of factors that influence the number and type of aquatic plants and animals that are present in a pond including water level, nutrient level, shading by the trees salinity, the effects experience when animals graze there as well as presence or absence of streams.
Natural ponds are not very common as to artificial ponds that are constructed by humans to serve certain water needs. It is a common practice for farmers to dig ponds as well as remove excessive mud in existing ponds to increase their depth during the dry seasons to ensure that they can collect as much possible water for to sustain their farming activities. Habitat restoration enhancement, as well as wastewater treatment, are other reasons for the construction of water ponds. Human made ponds also include water gardens and water features that are constructed for various purposes in a home or office setting including aesthetic ornamentation for landscapes as well as constructed as architectural features. Artificial ponds such as solar ponds and fish ponds can also be constructed for the purposes of storage of thermal energy and commercial fish breeding respectively.
When constructing an outdoor pond at home, there are factors one need to consider. On the site where one wants to construct an outdoor pond, one should ensure that the area is well drained and there are no underground cables, pipes, sewers or even septic fields in the area. Having an outdoor faucet will ensure that it is easier to refill the outdoor pond when there is need. Minimizing the growth of algae on the outdoor pond as well as excessive evaporation of the water can be enhanced by providing partial shading to the outdoor pond. The shading should not be from trees since leaves might fall into the pond and accumulate at the bottom causing clogging of the pond pumps. Depending on the use of the pond, one can balance between the sun and some shade that can be obtained from plants such as lilies or even use a portable shade screen. A suitable outdoor pond liner should be used which is laid down after digging a hole. Edging of the pond perimeter or even placing some stones should be done once the outdoor pond has been filled with water.